1. Electric Charges and Fields:
Force Between Two Point Charges.
2. Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance:
Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism
1. Moving Charges and Magnetism:
2. Magnetism and Matter:
Electromagnetic induction and Alternating current
1. Electromagnetic induction:
Faraday’ laws of electromagnetic induction.
Motional EMF and Current induced Due to it.
Self and Mutual induction.
2. Alternating Current:
Peak and RMS Value of Alternating Current/Voltage.
Reactance and impedance.
LC Oscillation (Qualitative idea Only).
LCR Series Circuit (Qualitative idea Using impedance Triangle)
Power in AC circuits.
Transformer (Principle of Working & Efficiency).
Electromagnetic Spectrum (Radio Waves, Microwaves, infrared, Visible, Ultra
Violet, X-Ray and Gamma Rays), including Elementary ideas About Their Uses.
1. Ray Optics and Optical instruments:
Refraction of Light
Refractive index, its Relation with Velocity of Light (Formula Only)
Total internal Reflection and its Applications
Refraction at Spherical Surfaces
Thin Lens Formula
Lens Makers Formula
Power of Lenses
Combination of Two Thin Lenses in Contact
Combination of a Lens and a Mirror
Refraction and Dispersion of Light Through Prism.
Optical instruments: Microscopes and Telescopes (Reflecting) and Their Magnifying Powers.
2. Waves Optics:
Young’s Double Slit Experiment and Expression for Fringe Width
Sustained interference of Light.
Diffraction Due to A Single Slit.
Width of A Central Maximum.
Plane Polarized Light.
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Dual Nature of Radiation
Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation.
Particle Nature of Light.
Matter Waves-Wave Nature of Particles.
Atoms & Nuclei
Alpha-Particle Scattering Experiment.
Rutherford’s Model of Atom, its limitations.
Atomic Nucleus, its Composition, Size, Nuclear Mass.
Nature of Nuclear Force.
Binding Energy Per Nucleon And its Variation With Mass Number.
Alpha, Beta and Gamma Particles/Rays and Their Properties.
Radioactive Decay Law
Half Life and Decay Constant.
Energy Bands in Conductors.
Semiconductors and insulators (Qualitative idea Only).
P-type, N-type Semiconductors.
V-I Characteristics in Forward and Reverse Bias.
diode As A Hhalf and Full Wave Rectifier (Centre Tap).
Efficiency (NO Derivation).
Characteristics of Transistor.
Transistor As An Amplifier (CE Configuration).
Basic idea of Analog And Digital Signals.
Logic Gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, and NOR).
Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves in The Atmosphere.
Sky And Space Wave Propagation.
Need for Modulation.
Qualitative idea About Amplitude Modulation and Frequency Modulation.
Advantages of Frequency Modulation Over Amplitude Modulation.