## Syllabus in Physics: 2020

- Gravitational field and potential due to solid sphere and spherical shell.
- Compound pendulum.
- Kater’s pendulum.
- Central force motion reduction of two body central force motion into equivalent one body motion.
- General features of central force motion.
- Differential equation of orbit.
- Kepler’s laws of planetary motion.
- Virial thereon.

- Elastic constants for homogeneous isotopic solid their inter relation.
- Torsion of a cylinder.
- Bending of beams cantilever.
- Beam supported at both ends and loaded at the middle.
- Kinematics of moving ideal fluid.
- Equation of continuity.
- Euler’s equation for ideal fluid.
- Bernoulli’s theorem.
- Viscous fluids.
- Laminar flow through narrow tube.
- Poiseulle’s formula.
- Scale’s viscometer.
- Surface tension and surface energy.
- Pressure difference across a curves liquid surface.
- Gravity waves and ripples.

**Thermal and Statistical Physics:**

- Thermodynamic system.
- Thermodynamic equilibrium.
- Zeroth law of thermodynamics.
- Thermodynamic process.
- Work done in isothermal and isobaric process.
- internal energy.
- First law of thermodynamics.
- Application to various process.
- Cp-Cv
- equation of state for adiabatic process.
- Work done in adiabatic process.
- Polytropic process.
- Heat engine.
- Carnot cycle.
- Carnot engine.
- Carnot theorem.
- Second law of thermodynamics.
- Entropy as a thermodynamics variables.
- Entropy
- Helmholtz free energy and Gibbs function.
- Maxwell’s thermodynamic equation.
- Joule-thomson effect.
- First order phase transition.
- Clausious-Clapeyron equation.

**Practical: A**

- Acceleration due to gravity by bar pendulum and study of the effect of amplitude on time period.
- Young’s modulus of a wire by Searlis method.
- Viscosity of water using capillary tube flow method.
- Specific heat of liquid by method of cooling.
- Wave length of unknown lighht by drawing calibration curve of prism spectrometer.

- Simple harmonic motion
- Damped harmonic motion
- Power loss
- Q-Factor
- Under damped
- Over damped and critically damped motion
- Force vibration resonance
- Sharpness of resonance
- Composition of SHM
- Lissajous figure for super position of two orthogonal simple harmonic vibrations (a) With same frequency (b) Frequency in the ratio 2:1
- Theory of plucked
- Struck and bowed strings
- Production and properties of ultrasonic waves

**Electricity, Magnetism and Electromagnetic Theory:**

- Coulomb’s law
- Electric field
- Field at point due to (a) Electric dipole (b) Discrete distribution of charge (c) Continuous distribution of charge
- Flux electric field
- Gauss law of electrostatic
- Field due to linear, spherical and plane charge distribution
- Curl of electrostatic field

- Electrostatic potentials
- Relation between field and potentials
- Potential due to localized charge distribution
- Electrostatic boundary conditions
- Work done in moving a charge
- Energy of (a) discrete and (b) continuous charge distribution
- Basic properties of conductors
- Differential form of Gauss law
- Laplace’s equation
- Poisson’s equation
- Solutions of Laplace’s equation in spherical polar co-ordinates
- Conducting sphere in a uniform electric field.
- Dielectric polarization
- Field inside a dielectric
- Gauss law in a dielectric medium
- Linear dielectric
- Susceptibility
- Permitivity
- Dielectric constant
- Boundary conditions on the displacement vector D.
- Dielectric sphere in an external uniform electric field.
- Force on a point charge endowed in a dielectric.
- Molecular field in dielectric.
- Claus-in’s Mossotti relation.
- Energy in a dielectric medium
- Electric current
- Current density
- Equation of continuity.
- Ohm’s law
- Electromotive force
- Steady current in media without source of E. M. F.
- Magnetic induction (B)
- Lorentz force law
- Force on a straight current carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field.
- Torque on a current loop.
- The law of Biot and Savart
- Magnetic induction due to straight, circular and solenoid currents.
- Amper’s circular law, its differential form.
- Magnetic vi(e)ctor potential.
- Magnetic field due to a distant circuit.
- Magnetic scalar potential
- Torque on a current loop placed in external uniform magnetic field.
- Moving coil galvanometer
- Balastic galvanometer
- Magnetic properties of matter
- Magnetization
- Field of magnetized objects
- Ampere’s law in magnetized medium
- Magnetic intensity
- Magnetic susceptibility and permeabiliity
- Hysteresis
- Boundary condition on H and D
- Langevin theory
- Dimagnetism and para magnetism
- Weiss theory of ferro magnetism

- Motional E. M. F. and flux rule
- Faraday’s laws of electromagnetic induction in differential and integral form.
- induced electric field due to an infinite long wire carrying a slowly varying current.
- Self inductance
- Mutual inductance
- Self inductance of solenoid and of a straight conductor
- Energy stored in an inductor in an electro magnetic field.
- Transient current growth and decay of current in series RC, LC and LCR circuit.
- Alternating currents sinusoidal voltage applied to series RC, LR, LC and LCR circuit.
- Power in AC
- Series and parallel resonant circuit
- Sharpness of resonance
- Q-Factor
- Displacement current and its physical significance
- Maxwell’s electro magnetic equations in free space and in medium.
- Boundary conditions
- Solar potential and Vector potential
- Gauge transformation
- Coulomb gauge and Lorentz gauge
- Electro magnetic waves
- Pointing theorem
- Energy and momentum of electro magnetic wave
- Electro magnetic waves in non-conducting-media
- Propagation of waves in vaccum and linear media
- Reflection and transmission at a conducting surface (Normal incidence)

**Practical: B**

- Rigidity modulus of a wire by static method
- Rigidity modulus of a wire by dynamic method
- Surface tension of soap solution
- Coefficient of viscosity by stoke’s method
- Wave length of light by Newton’s ring
- Comparison two nearly equal resistances by carey-foster.
- Comparison of E. M. F. using stretched wire potentiometer (Pointer galvanometer)

**Geometric Optics, Physical Optics, Laser:**

- Ferranat’s principle
- Reflection and refraction at plane interface
- Matrix formulation of geometrical optics
- Cardinal points of coaxial system
- Cardinal points of combination of two thin lenses and a thick lens.
- Monochromatic aberration-spenerical aberration and its minimization
- Elementary ideas about coma
- Astigmatism
- Curvature
- Distortion and their remedies
- Chromatic aberration
- Achromatic combination
- Removal of chromatic aberration in a separated double Ramsden’s and Hygiene’s eye-piece
- Dispersion
- Theory of formation of primary and secondary rainbow

*To be continue….*

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