Acids, bases and Salts class 10th science chapter 2 Note. NCERT class 10 science chapter 2 Acids, bases and Salts class 10th notes. The short and powerful class 10th science notes provide all the main points to keep in mind.
Acids bases and salts class 10th
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2.1 Understanding The Chemical Properties of Acids and Bases
2.1.1 Acids and Bases in The Laboratory
- Collect the following solutions from the science laboratory – hydrochloric acid (HCL), sulphuric acid (H2SO4), nitric acid (HNO3), acetic acid (CH3COOH), sodium hydroxide (NaOH), Calcium hydroxide (CaOH2), potasium hydroxide (KOH), magnesium hydroxide (MgOH2), and ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH).
- Put a drop of each of the above solutions on a watch-glass one by one and test with a drop of the indicators shown in table 2.1.
2.1.2 Acids and Bases React with Metals
2.1.3 How do Metal Carbonates and Metal Hydrogencarbonates React with Acids?
2.1.4 How do Acids and Bases React with Each Other?
2.1.5 Reaction of Metallic Oxides with Acids
2.1.6 Reaction of a Non-metallic Oxide with Base
2.2 What do All Acids and All Bases Have in Common?
What Are The Common in Acids and Bases?
2.2.1 What Happens to an Acid or a Base in A Water Solution?
2.3 How Strong Are Acid or Base Solutions?
The acid base indicators are used to detect an acid and a base. The universal indicator is a mixture of several indicators. It shows different colors at different concentration of Hydrogen ions in a solution.
pH Scale (Definition): The scale which is used to measure the concentration of hydrogen ion in a solution is called as pH Scale.
2.3.1 Importance of pH in Everyday Life
Are Plants and Animals pH Sensitive?
What id The pH of The Soil in Your Backyard?
pH in Our Digestive System
pH Changes as The Cause of Tooth Decay
Self Defenece by Animals and Plants Through Chemical Warfare
|Sour milk (Curd)||Lactic acid|
|Ant sting||Methanoic acid|
|Nettle sting||Methanoic acid|
2.4 More About Salts
2.4.1 Family of Salts
2.4.2 pH of Salts
2.4.3 Chemical from Common Salt
Common Salt – A Raw Material for Chemicals
Bleaching Powder is Used
Uses of Baking Soda
Uses of Washing Soda
2.4.4 Are The Crystals of Salts Really Dry?
Plaster of Paris