1.1 Meaning of Assessment Measurement, Test Examination, Appraisal and Evolution and Their interrelationships
- Assessment is a broad term that includes all of the various methods used to determine the extent of an individual’s achievement.
- In teaching and learning contexts, assessment refers to the methods used to determine the achievement of learning outcomes.
- Similarly, in professional contexts, assessment is concerned with the achievement of professional standards.
- Assessment focuses on learning, teaching and outcomes.
- It provides information for improving learning and teaching.
- Assessment is an interactive process between students and faculty that informs faculty how well their students learning they, what they are teaching.
- The information is used to faculty to make changes in the learning environment and is shared with students to assist them in improving their learning and study habits.
- This information is learner-centered, course-based, frequently anonymous and not graded.
- Assessment is an integral part of instruction, as it determines whether or not the goals of education are being met.
- Assessment affects decisions about grades, placement, advancement, instructional needs, curriculum and in some cases founding.
- Assessment inspires us to ask these hard questions: Are we teaching what we think we are teaching? Arr students learning what they are supposed to be learning? is there a way to teach the subject better, thereby promoting better learning?
Assessment is a process by which information is obtained relative to some known objective or goal.
Assessment profiles in a number of secondary benefits including:
- Grading: assessment may be used to translate achievement into a point on an arbitrary scale and to measure the students preparedness for professional accrediation.
- Motivation: assessment may focus learning by creating an end point that carries with it the rewards of completion or grades.
- Part of the learning process: assessment activities can guide individuals to learn and relearn subject matter.
- Feedback: assessment provides opportunities for individuals to monitor quality of performance and identity areas for improvement.
1.2.1 purpose of assessment
Purpose of assessment instruction pretest on AIDS assessment in farms install instructor part students know and do not know are the out test settings the direction of course know and do not know by checking in which students throughout instruction are standing instructor constantly revise and refund their teaching to meet the needs of students assessment drives learning what and how students learn depends to a major external on how they think they will be assessed assessment practices most send the right synonyms to students about what to study how to study and the relative time to spend on concepts and skills in the source assessment in students of their progress effective assessment provide students with his sense of what they know and don’t know about this subject assessments mostly the content the nature of thinking and the skills taught in class do through feedback from instructors students become aware of their strength and challenges with respect to pose learning outcomes assessment income stitching practice reflection on student accomplishments opposite of insights on the effectiveness of their teaching strategies by symmetry Kali gathering analysing and interpreting evidence we can determine how will student learning methods our outcomes or expectations for a lesson unit of course the knowledge from payback indicates to the installed how to improve instruction to strengthen teaching and heart areas are well understood and therefore memory card bank in future courses role of grading in assessment grade should be a reflection of what student has a long they should be best on direct evidence of student learning as measured on test papers projects and presentations etc protect academic standards grade from assessments are used to clarify certify that a person has the necessary knowledge and skills to be awarded a qualification consequently the quality and integrity of assessment is essential to guarantee the credibility of qualifications and the according reputation of the rising instruction institution there is considerable local National and international concern to ensure that the ways we protect academic standards standoff totally.
1.2.2 principles of assessment
Principles of assessment
Biryani ki professional skill for teachers be part of effective planning of teaching and learning promote commitment to learning goals and a seat understanding of the criteria by who is there artist be recognised as Central to classroom practice of course on how students learn provide constructive guidance about how to improve develop learners capacity for self assessment so that they can become reflective and self managing take account of importance of learner motivation d sensitive and constructive because an assessment has an emotional impact recognise the full range of achievement of all known as.
1.2.3 characteristics of quality assessment
Characteristics of quality assessment
Content validity one of the most important characteristic of any quality assessment is content validity simply put content validity means that the assessment measures what it is indeed intend to measure for its intended purpose and nothing more for example if an assessment is designed to measure algebra performance then reading comprehension issues should not interface with students ability to demonstrate what he or she knows on the stunts and can do in algebra availity is defined as the interest to who is an assessment else consistent information about the knowledge skills or abilities meaning as as an assessment is considered reliable if the sem results RL is time the test is installed for example if it to a test in history today to Asus power understanding of World war 1 and then took another test on World war one next week we would expect to see similar scores on both test this indicate the assessment was reliable reliability in an assessment is improvement important because assessments provide information about student achievement and progress there are many conditions that may impact reliability they include day-to-day changes in the student surcharge energy level motivation emotional stress and you have hunger the physical environment which includes class room temperature at sandwiches and destruction administration of the assessment which includes changes in test instructions and differences in how did the teacher response to questions about the test and subjectivity of the test score fairness in assessment includes transparency and being free from buys practicality practicality your son’s to the action of the assessment method and it relations to the offerer learning goals in the course standardization standardization establishes is precedence there for enhancing and assessment assignment test project reliability.
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