3.1.5 Critical Thinking
Critical thinking is a rich concept that has been developing throughout the past 2500 years the term critical thinking has its roots in the mind 20th century critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and recently about what to do for what to believe it includes ability to engage in reflective and independent thinking someone with critical thinking skills is able to do the following
understand the logical connections between ideas identify in construct and evaluate arguments detect inconsistencies and common mistakes in reasoning solved problems systematically identify the relevance and importance of ideas reflect on the justification of once on belief and values.
importance of critical thinking
critical thinking is dormant general thinking skill the ability to think clearly and nationality is important whatever we chose to do being able to think well and solve problem systematically is genesis for any career critical thinking is very important in the new knowledge economy the global knowledge economy is driven by information and technology one has to be able to deal with changes quickly and effectively the new economic classes increasing demands on flexible intellectual skills and the ability to analyse information and integrate divorce sources of knowledge in solving problems gold critical thinking promotes was thinking skills and is very important in the fast changing workplace critical thinking and answers language and presentation skills thinking clearly and systematically can improve the way we express our ideas and improve comprehension abilities critical thinking from others actively creativity creativity critical thinking plays a crucial role in creating new ideas selecting the best ones and modifying them if necessary critical thinking is crucial for self reflection in order to live a meaningful life and structure our live accordingly we need to justify and reflect on our values and decisions critical thinking provides the tools for this process of self evaluation gold critical thinking is the foundation of Science and democracy science requesting the critical use of reason in experimentation and theory confirmation the proper functioning of liberal democracy requires citizens who can thing critically about socialism to inform their parents about proper governance and to overcome biceps and prejudice critical thinkers will identify analyse and solve problems symmetrically systematically.
3.1.6 problem solving
problem solving is a process and ongoing activity is which we take part we known to discover what we don’t know it in overcoming obstacles by generating hypothesis testing those predictions and arriving at satisfactory solutions problem solving inverse three basic functions:
Generating new knowledge
problem solving is related to other terms of thinking reasoning decision making critical thinking and creative thinking thinking refers to a problem solvers cognitive processing but it includes both director thinking and under on director thinking the thinking is a broader turn that includes problem solving as subset of thinking.
reasoning decision making critical thinking and creative thinking are subset of problem solving that is kinds of problem solving reasoning refers to problem solving with a specific task in who is the goal is to draw a conclusion form from promise using logical rules based on the direction of induction.
finally creative thinking and critical thinking referred to specific aspects of problem solving respectively creative thinking in generating alternative that meet some criteria such as listening all the possible you just for a break where as critical thinking in evaluation how various alternate is made some criteria surcharge determining which are the best answers for the bridge problem for example in scientific problem solving situations creative thinking is involved in generating hypothesis and critical thinking is involved in texting them creative thinking and critical thinking can be involved in reasoning and decision making.
There are four basic steps in solving a problem:
Define the problem
Evaluating and selecting alternatives
problem solving is and should be a very real part of the curriculum in tarsons that students can take on some of the responsibility for their own learning and can take personal accident to solve problems resolve conflicts discuss alternatives and packers and thinking as a vital element of the curriculum it provides students with opportunities to use their newly acquired knowledge in meaningful real life activities and assist them in working at higher levels of thinking.
hence problem solving is the process of finding solutions to difficult or complex issues.