UNIT – 1
Normative Vision of Indian Education: Indian Constitution
1.1 Constitution of India Basic Features.
- India is a Union of states.
- A constitution having written documentary rules for Government.
- This rules define fundamental political principles, establishing structure, procedure, powers and duties of the Government.
- By limiting Government’s rules for own, other hands are for the people, called as human rights.
i. Fundamental Rights.
ii. Directive Principles of State Policy.
- State policy denotes the ideals that the state should keep in mind while formulating policies and enacting laws.
- It includes legislative, local authorities, public authorities in the country.
- The Directive Principles are non-justiciable in nature.
- They are not legally enforceable by the court by their violation.
- Therefore the Government cannot compelled to implement them.
- Directive Policy aim at providing social and economic justice to the people.
- The distinctive features of Indian constitution is the inclusion of the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSPs).
- Indian constitution incorporated principles from Irish in part-IV from Article-36 to Article-51.
- These fundamental principles optimized hopes and aspirations of the Indians.
- It states that the state must be foster and secure the social well-being of the citizens and the economic prosperity of the nation.
- The directive Principles have same affirmative instructions to the state authorities to secure all the citizens.
- The citizens having the justice on social, economic and political liberty of thoughts, expression belief, faith and worship.
- They have equality of status and opportunity to promote, fraternity, unity and integrity of nation.
- The basic aim of the Directive Principles is to establish a welfare state.
- The Directive Principles of State Policy classified under several groups covering socio-economic rights.
- Directive Principles are not justiciable in character.
- The Directive Principles are regarded as the basic foundation of democracy and welfare state.
- Political democracy requires for its success economic security.
- The Directive Principles provide some economic principles to secure economic justice and security.
Directive Principles of State Policy – Features
The Directive Principles of State Policy under IV, Article-36 to Article-51 possessed the following features,
- Directive Principles of State Policy tends to the state for achieving socio-economic development.
- Directive Principles of State Policy are not enforceable in the courts.
- No one can go near the court for its proper implementation.
- Directive Principles of State Policy are positive in nature.
- These principles increase power and functions of the state to nation.
- Directive Principles of State Policy aims at establishment of a welfare state.
- It secures social and economical justice.
- These principles are based on socialist thinking.
iii. Federal Structure.
1.2 Preamble of The Constitution: The ideals.
i. Sovereign Nation.
ii. Democratic And Secular Polity.
iii. Liberty, Equality And Fraternity.
iv. Justice: School, Economic And Political.
UNIT-2: Education As Fundamental Right